Primary Sources

Archival Materials

Papers of the American Historical Association, Boxes 381–424, Library of Congress, Manuscript Division, Washington, D.C.

Records of the Army Staff, Army Chief of Information, Troop Information and Education Division, 1943–48, Record Group 319, National Archives and Records Administration, College Park, MD.

Records of Headquarters Army Service Forces, Army Chief of Special Services Division Record Group 160, National Archives and Records Administration, College Park, MD

Published Materials

American Historical Association. Annual Report. 1940-1946.

“Army Orientation: To Make Men Think About Why They Fight Is Now an Official Army Task.” Fortune. 28 February 1944.

Bickerseth, J. B. “Soldiers and Citizens.” Public Opinion Quarterly 8 (1944).

Burdette, Franklin. “Education for Citizenship.” Public Opinion Quarterly 6 (1942).

Business Week 1942-1945.

Hersey, John. “Joe is Home Now.” Life. 3 July 1944.

Hurd, Charles. “The Army, After Several Experiments, Finds a Way to Interest and Instruct Soldiers.” New York Times. 27 August 1944.

Newsweek 1942-1945.

Osborn, Frederick. “Characteristics and Differential Fertility of American Population Groups.” Social Forces 12 (October 1933): 8–16.

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________. “Significance of Differential Reproduction for American Educational Policy.” Social Forces 14 (October 1935): 23–32.

Palmer, C. B. “Back from the Front—and Wondering.” New York Times Magazine. 29 October 1944.

Paulding, C. G. “Soldiers’ Return.” Commonweal. 5 May 1944.

“Plans for Demobilization and Assimilation of Servicemen.” Monthly Labor Review. 59 (November 1944).

Reck, F. M. “Will He Be Changed.” Better Homes and Gardens 23 (December 1944).

Smith, Betty. “When They Come Home.” New York Times Magazine. 1 October 1944.

Spaulding, Francis T. Addresses and Papers of Francis Trow Spaulding. Albany: University of the State of New York, 1967.

________. “Our Expanding Horizons: In Our Public Schools.” In Education for a Classless Society: Three Essays on the Purposes and Problems of American Education, by James B. Conant and Francis T. Spaulding. Boston: Harvard Univ. Graduate School of Education, 1940.

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