What Is the Future of Italy?
By Mario Einaudi
Professor of Government, Cornell University
Revised by Shepard Clough
Social Science Research Council
(Published December 1945)
- National unity at last
- The weakness of the party system
- The lack of local self-government
- The consequences of economic change
- Mass emigration
- At the peace conference
- Storm over Fiume
- The workers’ seizure of the factories
- What, no revolution?
- Why didn’t the government do something?
- What parties were there
- The March on Rome
- More crust than votes
- The early mask falls away
- Responsibilities and consequences
- The other side of the picture
- What next?
- What the parties think
- The problem of farm lands
- The new party line-up
- The territorial issue
- The agreements of 1929
- Will the good relations last?
- Will the monarchy be kept?
- The question of colonies
- What to do with them?
- Will the boundary stay at the Brenner Pass?
- Istria, Trieste, and Fiume
- The question reopened
- Toward the west
- Toward the United States
- The Italian people and the future
- How can you plan a discussion?
- Some discussion possibilities
- Some questions for discussion
WHAT is going to happen to Italy, now that the Italians once more have the decision it their own hands?
The answer to that question is important. Italy, with its 46 million people is the fourth nation of Europe in population. It ranks eighth or ninth in area. Geographically and strategically it lies at the center of the Mediterranean world, astride the most important sea and air lanes from western Europe to the Near and Far East.
What the Italian people will do, how they will get along economically, what kind of political system they will work out, and many more such problems will not be solved in a vacuum. The answers will affect the world and be affected by it. They will concern the United States, and we ought to know something about the possibilities. But if we are to have any chance of understanding Italy’s future, we first have to know something about Italy’s past.